ἐφέλκω

ἐφέλκ-ω, [dialect] Ion. [pref] ἐπ-, [tense] fut.
A

ἐφέλξω E.HF632

: [tense] aor. 1 inf. -ελκύσαι Thphr.Char.30.10:—[voice] Med., [tense] fut. -ελκύσομαι A.D.Synt.50.21: [tense] aor. 1 part. -ελκυσάμενος Thphr.CP5.1.10: (Hom. only in [voice] Med. and [voice] Pass., v. infr. 11, 111):—drag or trail after one, ἐ. τὰς [οὐράς], of long-tailed sheep, Hdt.3.113; ἵππον ἐκ τοῦ βραχίονος ἐ. to lead a horse by a rein upon the arm, Id.5.12; ναῦς ὣς ἐφέλξω will take in tow, E. l.c., cf. Th.4.26; ἐ. ξύλον, of a log tied to the leg, Polyzel.3; τὰ ὀπίσθια σκέλη ἐφέλκουσιν ἐπὶ τὰ ἐμπρόσθια drag forward, in the disease of horses called εἰλεός, Arist.HA604b1; τὰς ὁπλὰς καὶ τὰ ἰσχία ἐ. draw them up, ib.18, cf. Hippiatr.121.
2 bring on, bring in its train (v. infr. 111.4),

πολλὰς ἐφέλκων ξυμφοράς E.Med.552

, cf. Ion1149, HF 776 (lyr.);

ἄλλην αἴσθησιν μετὰ τοῦ λογις μοῦ Pl.Phd.65e

:—[voice] Med., AP10.37 (Luc.).
3 draw or drink off, E.Cyc.151.
4 ἐ. πλείους ἡμέρας delay for several days, Thphr. Char. l. c.:—[voice] Pass., τὰ ἐφελκόμενα arrears of payment, PPetr.3p.151 (iii B. C.), cf. PSI4.350.4 (iii B.C.), UPZ50.33 (ii B.C.); ἐφέλκεται τῷ Φιλίππῳ he is in arrears of tax-payments to P. (the tax-collector), PPetr.2p.108 (iii B.C.).
II [voice] Pass., ἐφελκομένοισι πόδεσσιν with feet trailing after him, of one who is dragged lifeless away, Il.23.696;

τὸ δ' ἐφέλκετο μείλινον ἔγχος 13.597

; ὁ λίθος ὄπισθε ἐπελκόμενος dragging behind (the boat), Hdt. 2.96; of camels, Id.3.105; also οἱ ἐπελκόμενοι the stragglers of an army, Id.4.203; -ομένη προθυμία lagging, tardy, Plb.9.40.2.
2 to be attracted,

ῥείθροισιν h.Hom.19.9

; μηδὲ . . τούτῳ ἐφέλκεσθαι be not led away by this argument, Th.1.42.
III [voice] Med. like [voice] Act., drag after one, χωλαίνει καὶ ἐφέλκεται (sc. τὸν πόδα) Pl.Lg.795b, cf. Antip.Stoic.3.256;

τἆλλα Pl.R.544e

.
2 draw to oneself, attract, αὐτὸς γὰρ ἐφέλκεται ἄνδρα σίδηρος the very sight of iron (i.e. arms) draws men on, i.e. tempts them to use them, Od. 16.294, 19.13;

ὕδωρ ἐπ' ἑωυτὸν ὁ ἥλιος ἐ. Hdt.4.50

;

ἐ. τινὰ πρός τι Plb.9.1.3

; of flowers,

ἠϊθέας -όμεναι χροιῇσι Nic.Fr.74.65

;

κάλλεϊ . . πάντας ἐ. APl.4.288

(Leont.).
3 draw or pull to,

τὴν θύραν ἐφελκύσασθαι Luc. Am.16

;

προστίθησι τὴν θύραν καὶ τὴν κλεῖν ἐφέλκεται Lys.1.13

; ἐ. ὀφρῦν to frown, AP7.440 (Leon.);

ἐ. κατὰ τῆς κεφαλῆς τὸ ἱμάτιον Plu.Caes.66

, cf. Pomp.79.
4 bring on consequences,

πόλλ' ἐφέλκεται φυγὴ κακά E.Med.462

;

ὃ καὶ σίδηρον ἀγχόνας τ' ἐ. Id.Fr.362.26

, cf. Hp.Decent.1;

κινδύνους Isoc. Ep.4.6

;

τοὔμπαλιν οὗ βούλονται ἐ. X.Cyr.8.4.32

.
5 claim for oneself, assume,

ἀλλότριον κάλλος Pl.Grg.465b

;

Μοῦσαν ὀθνείην AP9.434

(Theoc., = p.xvi W.).
6 drag behind one as inferior, i.e. surpass,

τινὰ κάρτεϊ A.R.1.1162

.
7 Gramm., attract to the close of a word,

τὸ νῦ δἰ εὐφωνίαν Demetr.Eloc.175

, cf. Eust.52.19
.
8 ἐ. ἄσθμα draw a deep breath, Philostr.Im.2.22.

Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό). 2014.

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  • ἐφέλκεσθε — ἐφέλκω drag pres imperat mp 2nd pl ἐφέλκω drag pres ind mp 2nd pl ἐφέλκω drag imperf ind mp 2nd pl (homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

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  • ἐφειλκυσμένον — ἐφέλκω drag perf part mp masc acc sg ἐφέλκω drag perf part mp neut nom/voc/acc sg …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ἐφελκομένων — ἐφέλκω drag pres part mp fem gen pl ἐφέλκω drag pres part mp masc/neut gen pl …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ἐφελκυσαμένων — ἐφέλκω drag aor part mid fem gen pl ἐφέλκω drag aor part mid masc/neut gen pl …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ἐφελκυσθέντα — ἐφέλκω drag aor part pass neut nom/voc/acc pl ἐφέλκω drag aor part pass masc acc sg …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

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